The Three Witches: Introduced to us in the opening scene, the Three Witches set Macbeth upon his murderous path. They tell
Macbeth that he will be Thane of Cawdor and later the King. Later by use of the Three Apparitions, they foretell his doom.
Macbeth: The tragic focus of this play. Originally a loyal and honest man, his descent into murder and betrayal is the
tale of how ambition can tarnish even the purest of souls. Driven by loyalty to King Duncan, his own "Vaulting ambition,"
leads to him killing King Duncan to secure his own destiny. The man at the end of play is one we would barely recognize from
the loyal Macbeth we meet at the beginning.
Lady Macbeth: Macbeth's wife. Her ambition for Macbeth's future rivals and arguably exceeds that of Macbeth's. She talks
Macbeth into killing King Duncan when Macbeth hesitates.
Banquo: Loyal friend of Macbeth. He bares witness to the initial prophecies made by the Three Witches. Though eager to
learn his own destiny, Banquo serves as a counterpoint to how one deals with fate. Macbeth kills to reach his. Banquo is content
to let destiny carve it's own path. Later killed to preserve Macbeth's status, he reappears as a ghost.
Fleance: Son of Banquo and the first in a line of kings prophesied by the Three Witches. Escaping when his father was
killed, Fleance represents a future Macbeth cannot bear; a line of kings following Banquo and not his own sons.
Duncan, King of Scotland: The loyal but naïve, trusting King. At the beginning of the play when Duncan is betrayed by
the original Thane of Cawdor, he grants this title upon the loyal Macbeth who secured the King victory in battle against this
Thane of Cawdor. Ironically, King Duncan later dies at the sword of the trusted Macbeth, the new Thane of Cawdor.
Malcolm & Donalbain: The two sons of King Duncan. Upon their father's death, they flee to avoid a similar fate. Donalbain
heads to Ireland, whilst Malcolm heads to England where he hopes to build an army to take back the kingdom from the evil Macbeth.
Hecate: A shadowy character of the underworld, she commands and demands the loyalty and respect of the Three Witches.
We first meet her when she belittles the Three Witches for helping an ungrateful Macbeth. She later commands them to tell
Macbeth his future according to her will, when next the Three Witches and Macbeth meet.
Macduff: Born unnaturally by caesarian section, this nobleman of Scotland restores Malcolm to his rightful place as king.
Alluded to by The Second Apparition as an agent of Macbeth's downfall, he loses his wife and children to Macbeth who had them
Siward: Leader of the English army, some ten thousand strong which defeats Macbeth at the end of the play. He loses his
son, Young Siward to Macbeth.
Young Siward: The son of Siward, he dies fighting Macbeth. Being of natural birth, his death at Macbeth's hands strengthens
Macbeth's belief of invincibility.
Lennox, Ross, Menteith, Angus and Caithness: Noblemen of Scotland fighting Macbeth.
An Old Man: He tells us about the storms in Scotland during Macbeth's reign.
Seyton: A lieutenant of Macbeth's.
Son of Macduff,
An English Doctor,
A Scotch doctor,
The Ghost of Banquo and other Apparitions.